Going abroad

If you want to work abroad please contact CA before going away. The legislation in this area is very complicated and there are many ways of making the wrong step.

There is a distinction between working within the EEA-area or working overseas.

Within the EEA

As a general rule you are covered by the local unemployment insurance if you start working in an EU country or in Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland. At the same time you cannot be member of CA.

Being abroad also means that you cannot pay contributions to the early retirement scheme in case you have registered for the scheme. Upon your return to Denmark you have the possibility of making the additional payments. Please note that it can be a considerably amount you will have to pay. Furthermore, you will have to pay attention to specific rules concerning your seniority - especially if you have been away for a longer period of time or if you plan on benefiting from the early Retirement Scheme shortly upon your return to Denmark.

Please note! If you turn 30 years of age while working in another EEA - country you must have paid contribution to the Early Retirement Scheme at least for one day before you leave Denmark if you want to benefit from the Early Retirement Scheme later. If you have not paid contribution for this one day you have lost your entitlement to benefit from the Early Retirement Scheme forever. It is very important you call CA before you leave. If you hold an uninterrupted membership of a Danish and /or a foreign unemployment insurance fund from the age of 24 you will be able to benefit from the cooling-off clause. Read more (in Danish).

If you are posted temporarily for a Danish employer, you can continue your membership of CA on the condition that Pensionsstyrelsen will make the decision of maintaining your Danish Social Security. Read more about what Danish authorities can do for you. At the same time you will be covered by the Danish legislation in relation to health insurance, hospital treatment, sickness benefits and maternity leave and more.

Wait till you are absolutely sure of coverage

If you resign from CA and you are not covered by the unemployment insurance in the EEA-area you are staying in, you will loose your entitlement to benefits in Denmark. We recommend that you do not resign from CA until you are completely sure that you are covered by the unemployment insurance in the EEA-area you are staying in. Usually your contribution will be shown on your pay slip but you can contact the relevant local authority if you have any doubts. If you have been double insured for a period of time, we will disclose your membership from CA retrospectively and any overpaid fees will be returned to your bank account.

When you are back in Denmark

Upon your return to Denmark, you can register as a member of CA  again. If you have been insured during your entire stay abroad, you can transfer your insurance seniority from your stay in the EEA-area to CA. But only if you address CA in writing to rejoin as a member not later than 8 weeks from the expiry of your insurance in the EEA-area you have left.

If you have resigned from CA or another Danish unemployment insurance fund for more than 5 years, you must begin work in Denmark within the 8 weeks time-limit  In order to transfer your seniority from your  unemployment insurance fund abroad, you must meet a work requirement of minimum 296 working hours within the 12 weeks subsequently. The working hours must be performed in Denmark.

Fulfilling this work requirement, your entitlement to benefits will apply retrospectively from the day you returned to Denmark, joined CA and signed up as unemployed at the Jobcentre.

Always contact CA

The number of rules in this area are many and can be difficult to assess. We recommend you to send CA an e-mail or call us if you have any questions on 3314 9045 or ca@ca.dk

Other countries

Are you getting a job outside the EEA-area (EU-countries, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Switzerland), you can keep your membership of CA. Continued membership is a necessity for keeping your entitlement to benefits at a later time.

If you want to receive benefits after your position abroad has ended, it is very important that you ensure documentation for your work hours. Please keep all your pay slips and your contract. If you do not have contract, ask your employer to write a statement which contains information on your period of employment and number of working hours ( daily or weekly number of working hours )

Benefits and job searching

Do you have plans of searching for a job abroad you must contact CA before proceeding. The legislation in this area is very complicated and the possibilities of doing things wrong are many. Please read more about the most important rules here.

You have 3 possibilities of still receiving benefits during a stay abroad.

  1. If you travel out and back the very same day
  2. If you are gone for a maximum of 5 days. Before leaving Denmark you most prove to CA and your local Jobcentre that you are invited to a concrete job interview with an employer. Please forward CA and your local Jobcentre the invitation prior to your departure. ( her skal vi have linket til den EU-betalte rejseudgift ind)
  3. If you go abroad up to 3 months in an EU country or Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein or Switzerland (EEA-countries) to search for a job.

In order to receive the permission to having the benefits paid out while searching for a job in another EEA-country you must complete the form: ansøgningsblanket and send to CA. We will grant you the permission on the certificate PD U2 covering EU-countries.

Which countries can you go to?

You can receive the EEA benefits in the following countries:

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovakia and Slovenia.

These overseas territories are also included in the scheme:

Hebrides, Gibraltar (British), Madeira, The Azores (Portuguese), The Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands (i.e. Mallorca and Ibiza), Ceuta, Melilla (Spanish), Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guyana and Réunion (French).

Conditions

You must:

  • Be citizen in one of the EEA-countries
  • Be member of CA a-kasse during the entire period of time
  • Be unemployed (please contact CA if you have a temporary or non-permanent employment. In certain cases the permission might be granted.
  • Be entitled to benefits and have residence in Denmark on the day of your departure.
  • Be registered for employment at your local Jobcentre for at least 4 weeks immediately prior to your departure (The are a few exceptions to this rule; i.e. if you are citizen in the country you are going to or if you have been invited for a job interview)
  • Having applied for the certificate PD U2 prior to your departure from Denmark
  • The legal requirement is 4 weeks unemployment prior to departing Denmark and you must be fully available for the labour market in these 4 weeks.

Please pay attention to the fact that all work hours (no matter how few hours you have worked), holiday and sickness more than 3 days suspend the 4 weeks period of time. If you work 1 day you must start "over" again being unemployed for 4 weeks to become eligible for the certificate.

  • If you leave Denmark before the date written in the PD U2, your application will be rejected. If the certificate has already been issued, we will withdraw it and you cannot receive benefits until you are back in Denmark and have registered at the Jobcentre.
  • If you change the date on your application form, you must apply again.
  • If you have received the certificate and decide not to go, please return the forms to CA as soon as possible.
  • If you previously have had the certificate PD U2 issued

Pay out

The benefits is paid out by CA and correspond completely to the Danish level. You must fill out the "dagpenge card" on CA's web page. Please look here foor further information (in Danish).  In order to receive the benefits you must register at the Jobcentre in the country you have travelled to within 7 days of the date on the certificate PD U2. It is very important that you meet this deadline. If you are late you will only receive benefits from the date, you register at the local Jobcentre.

Availability

While being job searching abroad you must follow the control measures, applicable in your "host country" and they can be very different from the rules you know in Denmark. When the local Jobcentre or other authorities summon you for meetings, you must attend. The consequence of failing to do so may result in loss of benefits.

You must be available for the labour market after Danish rules. This means that the right to participate in education also follows the Danish rules. If you want to participate in education while job searching abroad, you must inform CA when you apply for benefits going abroad. The education must be approved by CA before leaving Denmark.

What do I do?

You complete this special form application form.

Since both CA and your local Jobcentre shall fill out parts of the form, we recommend that you prepare the "paper work" in due time prior to departure. You can hand in the application 4 weeks prior departure date, please leave CA 2-3 weeks to process the application. CA must have received your application not later than the day you leave otherwise your application will be rejected. For the permission to receive Danish benefits abroad, we will grant you a special certificate called PD U2. A few days prior to departure, we will send you by post the forms that must be signed and stamped in your "host country" along with a letter explaining the further procedures you must pay attention to while being abroad.

If I get a job?

As a general rule you will be covered by the local unemployment insurance fund when you get a job in the EEA-countries. This means that you can no longer be member of CA.

Wait till you are absolutely sure of coverage

If you resign from CA and you are not covered by the unemployment insurance in the EEA-area you are staying in, you will loose your entitlement to benefits in Denmark. We recommend that you do not resign from CA until you are completely sure that you are covered by the unemployment insurance in the EEA-area you are staying in. Usually your contribution will be shown on your pay slip but you can contact the relevant local authority if you have any doubts. If you have been double insured for a period of time, we will disclose your membership from CA retrospectively and any overpaid fees will be returned to your bank account.

When you are back in Denmark

Upon your return in Denmark, you can register as a member of CA again. If you have been covered by the local unemployment insurance during your entire stay abroad, you can transfer your insurance seniority from the country you are leaving to CA a-kasse. Please note that you must contact CA in writing and ask to become member again not later than 8 weeks from the expiry of your insurance in the country you have left. If you have been abroad for more than 5 years you must find a job in Denmark within 8 weeks after you are no longer covered by the local unemployment insurance fund in the EEA-country you left and have worked at least 296 hours within a period of 12 weeks in order to be entitled to benefits.

If I don't get a job

If you do not find a job, you must return to Denmark and register as unemployed at your local Jobcentre within the expiry of the 3 months period. This means that you must register at your local Jobcentre not later than the date mentioned in the approved certificate. If you do not comply with the term, you cannot receive benefits in Denmark until you have worked at least 296 hours within a period of 12 weeks.

Please always contact CA

It can be difficult to assess the many rules in this area. That is why we recommend you to contact CA before you begin your new job abroad. Feel free to conatct us at 3314 9045 or ca@ca.dk.