Holiday as unemployed
You are entitled to take a holiday, even if you are unemployed. If you do not wish to be available for the labour market for a period of time, you can:
- use the holiday allowance that you have earned from an employer
- apply for holiday benefits that you have earned from the unemployment fund while claiming benefits for unemployment, holiday benefits or maternity benefits.
- pay your own way
You are not entitled to holiday benefits if you are not entitled to unemployment benefits.
Reporting holidays to the jobcenter
If you are unemployed when you take a holiday, you must report your holiday plans on Jobnet.dk no later than 14 days before the first day of your holiday. The jobcentre will then inform us that you are taking a holiday.
If you give notice of your holiday to Jobnet no later than 14 days before the beginning of your holiday, we will automatically be informed, and no further action is required once your holiday has been registered. If you apply for holiday benefits, you must send your application to us before the first day of the holiday.
If you inform the jobcenter of your holiday less than 14 days before the first day of the holiday, you will be required to participate in any meetings and activities announced by the jobcenter, CA, or other secondary operator during your holiday. If you do not attend, you will lose the right to receive unemployement benefits for a period of time. You must inform the jobcentre about your holiday whether you pay your own way or you claim holiday benefits or holiday allowance.
NOTE: Whether you have given 14 days’ notice of holiday or not, you are required to participate in meetings or activities during your holiday to which the jobcenter, CA or a secondary operator has previously invited you.
If you inform the jobcenter of your holiday less than 14 days before it begins, please note that you must also report the holiday to us before its first day. You can do this by emailing email@example.com, stating your membership number.
The year in which you earned your holiday allowance from your employer (the reference period) is the calendar year, while the holiday year starts May 1 in the following year, to end on April 30 the year after.
For example, 2018 is the reference year for the holiday year starting 1 May 2019 – 30 April 2020.
Paid work during the reference year earns you 2.08 days of holiday allowance for every month of employment in a calendar year. This is your right according to the Holiday Act, which applies to all employees.
However, you do not earn rights to paid holiday during periods in which the employer is not obliged to pay your wages, either fully or partially. This applies to sick leave, parental leave, or other periods of leave.
In general, the holiday allowance makes up 12.5% of your wages in the reference year. The employer must deposit the holiday allowance into your “FerieKonto” (holiday account) on the day following the end of each quarter.
Please note that, in general, you must take a holiday in order to have your holiday allowance paid out.
Holiday and benefit forms
While on holiday, you cannot be available to the labour market. As a consequence, no unemployment benefits can be paid.
If you have a holiday slip from your previous employer, you can claim holiday allowance for the days you are on holiday by going to www.borger.dk. On the benefit form, state 'Ferie' (holiday) in the fields for all the days you plan to take a holiday.
Earning holiday benefits
When you are unemployed and claiming benefits or holiday benefits from an unemployment fund, you earn the right to receive holiday benefits in the holiday year following the reference year. The same applies if you have received parental benefits from Udbetaling Danmark. Please note that, as of 1 January 2017, receiving sickness benefits no longer earns you holiday benefits. Holiday benefits earned in 2018 can be claimed in the holiday year from 1 May 2019 to 30 April 2020.
To calculate the number of days entitling to holiday benefits, the total gross payments from the reference year are divided by the benefit rate in the year of payment, then multiplied by 0.0954 (for the reference year 2018).
Each March, we will write to inform you of your right to take a holiday with holiday benefits in the holiday year starting 1 May. For example, in March 2019, you will be informed about your holiday benefit entitlement in the holiday year 1 May 2019 – 30 April 2020. The letter can be found online under 'Breve fra CA' (in Danish), where you will also find letters from previous years concerning your right to holiday benefits.
Calculating holiday benefits and holiday allowance
If you were not employed full-time during all of the reference period, the number of days with holiday benefits or holiday allowance may not add up to 25. The reason is that, while you earn 2.08 days of holiday per calendar month of work, the number of days with holiday benefits is determined on the basis of the total benefits paid to you. According to the Holiday Act, everyone is entitled to 25 days of holiday, but you may not have coverage for all of those days.
Conditions for payment of holiday benefits
In general, holiday benefits can be claimed only after the payout of the holiday allowance that you earned from an employer.
To claim holiday benefits, you must fulfill the ordinary conditions for entitlement to benefits at the time of the holiday, including all conditions relating to availability.
When taking a holiday, you must therefore:
- be a member of a Danish unemployment fund
- have been resident and present in Denmark immediately before the holiday
- be employed as a wage earner or be unemployed
- meet the residence requirement, if you are not unemployed
- not be enrolled in education entitling you to student grants and loans (SU)
- not be in receipt of full or partial pay during the holiday
If you run your own business full-time you can in some instances be eligible for holiday benefits. Contact us to learn more.
Please note: You must take time off to claim holiday benefits. Holiday benefits cannot be paid out if you are prevented from taking a holiday, for example because of parental leave or sickness. Furthermore holiday benefits can not be transferred to the following holiday year.
If you have claimed benefits on the basis of a calculated benefit rate in the period from the reference year’s beginning to the start of the holiday, you will receive the same amount in holiday benefits, with possible adjustments. If you have not claimed benefits from CA – for example, because of parental leave – you will receive the rate for new graduates.
Applying for holiday benefits
Be very careful when filling in the application for holiday benefits. Missing information will typically delay payments, as this will force us to return the application.
Holiday benefits are deposited into your account about 8 days before the start of your holiday – so make sure to send in the application well in advance.
Don't miss the deadline for holiday benefits
If you are unemployed, we must have received your application for holiday benefits before you start your holiday.
If you are employed, the application deadline for holiday benefits is a month after the end of the holiday year. This means that, for holiday in the holiday year 2018/2019, we must receive your application before 31 May 2019. Later applications will be rejected.